Showing posts from February, 2017

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part VII: Cao Hong and Juksan Cho Bong-am (1898-1959) - Korean Patriot who became the victim of Syngman Rhee's autocratic rule after the Gwangbokjeol and the catalyst of April Revolution 1960

Cho Bong-am (Hangul/Hanja: 조봉암/曺奉岩 or 曹奉岩, Born: September 25th 1898 in Jisan-ri, Seonwon-myeon, Ganghwa County, Incheon Metropole - Executed: July 31st 1959 at Seodaemun Prison, Hyeonjeo-dong, Seoul Seodaemun-gu), known with his pen name of Juksan (죽산/竹山) was a Korean independence activist and politician, who ran for president in the South Korean presidential election in 1956. He is a member of Changnyeong Cho Clan (창녕조씨/昌寧曺氏), a clan which is originated from Changnyeong County, Southern Gyeongsang Province. He was a founding member of the Korean Communism Party (조선공산당/朝鮮共産黨) and the Progressive Party (진보당 進步黨), a moderate socialist democratic party in South Korea that was one of the country's major political forces.
The March 1st Independence Movement of 1919, a nationwide anti-Japanese uprising, was the first political experience for nearly all first generation communists. Cho Bong-am took part in the street rallies, then spent a year in prison, moved to Shanghai, the major over…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XXIII: Dong (동/董) - Descendants of Dong Zhongshu in Korea

Dong (동/董) or Tong in McCune Script is an uncommon Korean Surname which means 'supervise' in Sino-Korean Language. There is a myth that the person who tamed dragons got the surname Dong. Throughout the history, there have been many records about the origin of surname Dong, which could be traced back to some 4,000 years ago, when Gaoyan Emperor, descendant of Huang Di (Yellow Emperor) ruled. The literal meaning of Dong refers to clover fern, which could be used to make cord. Huilian clan that was good at making cord regarded clover ferns as their totem.
It is said that Dong Fu, the grandson of Huilian was skilled in taming dragons (crocodile). One year, someone presented Shun Emperor with several flood dragons, which needed specially assigned person to raise and train, and the royal court gave this mission to Dong. Dong meticulously tamed these flood dragons and taught them various dances. Shun Emperor was greatly pleased by Dong's efforts and conferred the title of Huanlong…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XXII: Kah (가/賈)

Kah (가/賈), sometimes romanized Gah, Ga or Ka is an uncommon Korean Surname which means 'merchant' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Jia. Jia/Kah is the 45th most common surname in Mainland China and 110th most common surname in Korean Peninsula. The Jias are the descendants of ancient emperor Huang Di. 

During Emperor Zhoukang's reign, he awarded Zi Gong Ming (son of Tang Shuyu) as the duke of Jia. Zi Gongming also known as Jia Bo, is commonly regarded as the forefather of the Jia family. During Chun Qiu, the Jia kingdom was eliminated by Jin. The duke of Jin thus awarded the kingdom to his uncle, Wu Shegu. Wu Shegu is also known as Jia Ji or Jia Ta. The duke of Jin wanted to make Jia Ji his commander in chief and make Zhao Xun his deputy. Yang Chufu (a high ranking judge), due to his connection with Zhao, convinced the duke of Jin to make Zhao the chief commander, and Jia his deputy. Because of this Jia hated Yang deeply. 
After the duke of Jia died, Jia suggested…