Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XIX: Moon (문/文)

Most Dominant: Nampyeong Moon Clan (Naju City, Southern Jeolla)

Moon (문/文), romanized as Mun in Korean Revised-Romanization is a common Korean Surname which means 'writing and literature' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Wen. This surname is the 100th most common surname in Mainland China and 23rd most common surname in Korean Peninsula.

During the Shang Dynasty, Shang Zhou executed the duke of the Zhou kingdom (Ji Li), being concerned that the Zhou Kingdom was getting too powerful. Ji Li's son Ji Chang took over the dukedom and was a even better duke than his father. Shang Zhou thus found an excuse to imprison Ji Chang. Ji Chang pretended to have lost interest in power and Shang Zhou eventually released him. 

After returning to his kingdom, Ji Chang united 2/3 of all the kingdoms and was getting ready to rebel against the Shang Dynasty. Unfortunately, Ji Chang died of natural causes. His son succeeded him and was successful in overthrowing the Shang Dynasty and established the Zhou Dynasty. His son was known as Emperor Zhou Wu and Ji Chang was given the title of Posthumous King Zhou Wen. Some of the descendants wanted to the posthumous king, and adopted Wen as their surname.

In a study by the National Institute of the Korean Language (국립국어원/國立國語院/Gungnip Gugeowon) based on 2007 application data for South Korean passports, it was found that 73.5% of people with this surname spelled it in Latin letters as Moon in their passports, while another 26.4% spelled it as Mun. At the last count, there are 464,040 people who bear the surname of Moon, based on the 2015 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT). There are ten designated clans (본관/本貫) for this clan which are:
  • Gamcheon Moon Clan (감천 문씨/甘泉文氏) = Originated from Yecheon County, Northern Gyeongsang Province, ROK
  • Gangneung Moon Clan (강릉 문씨/江陵文氏) = Originated from Gangneung City, Gangwon Province, ROK
  • Gaeryeong Moon Clan (개령 문씨/開寧文氏) = Originated from Gaeryeong-myeon, Gimcheon City, Northern Gyeongsang Province, ROK
  • Nampyeong Moon Clan (남평 문씨/南平文氏) = Originated from Nampyeong-eup, Naju City, Southern Jeolla Province, ROK
  • Neungseong Moon Clan (능성 문씨/唐城文氏) = Originated from Neungju-myeon, Hwasun County, Southern Jeolla Province, ROK
  • Danseong Moon Clan (단성 문씨/丹誠文氏) = Originated from Danseong-myeon, Sancheong County, Southern Gyeongsang Province, ROK
  • Boryeong Moon Clan (보령 문씨/保寧文氏) = Originated from Boryeong City, Southern Chungcheong Province, ROK
  • Yeongsan Moon Clan (영산 문씨/靈山文氏) = Originated from Yeongsan-myeon, Changnyeong County, Southern Gyeongsang Province, ROK
  • JangYeon Moon Clan (장연 문씨/長淵文氏) = Originated from JangYeon County, Southern Hwanghae Province, DPRK
  • Jeongseon Moon Clan (정선 문씨/旌善文氏) = Originated from Jeongseon County, Gangwon Province, ROK

The Nampyeong Lineage is the largest among ten, where this lineage consists of 445,946 people. Nampyeong Moon Clan was founded by Moon Da-seong (문다성/文多省), Count of Nampyeong (남평백/南平伯), born in 472CE. According to legend, he was found by King Jabi-Maripgan, the 20th Monarch of Silla Kingdom in a stone box at the end of a rainbow by a lotus pond. The Chinese character Moon (Sino-Korean Language for literature) was inscribed in the box, so the king gave that as a surname to the child. The founders of the other two Moon clans were originally named Cha and Kim, but after studying in China they changed their names to Moon.

The clan is divided into ten different branches, which are:
  • Duke of Chunghye Branch (충혜공파/Chunghye Gongpa)
  • Duke of Heonnam Branch (헌납공파/Heonnam Gongpa)
  • Duke of Sunjil Branch (순질공파/Sunjil Gongpa
  • Duke of Uian Branch (의안공파/Uian Gongpa)
  • Duke of Sijung Branch (시중공파/Sijung Gongpa)
  • Duke of Seongsuk Branch (성숙공파/Seongsuk Gongpa)
  • Lord of Gamcheon Branch (감천군파/Gamcheon Gunpa)
  • Duke of Namje Branch (남제공파/Namje Gongpa)
  • Lord of Sunpyeong Branch (순평군파/Sunpyeong Gunpa)
  • Duke of Pando-Panseo Branch (판도판서공파/Pando-Panseo Gongpa)

In addition, the clanhouses of Nampyeong Moon Clan are detected in several areas (areas in the Republic of Korea unless stated) such as:
  • Gang-il dong, Seoul Gangdong-gu
  • Munjeong-dong, Seoul Songpa-gu
  • Bon-ri, Hwawon-eup, Dalseong County, Daegu Metropole
  • Ungcheon-ri, Cheolma-myeon, Gijang County, Busan Metropole
  • Gabang-ri, Geumsan-myeon, Jinju City, Southern Gyeongsang Province
  • Songji-ri, Yonghyeon-myeon, Sacheon City, Southern Gyeongsang Province
  • Anbong-ri, Sinan-myeon, Sancheong County, Southern Gyeongsang Province
  • Daehyeon-ri, Sinwon-myeon, Geochang County, Southern Gyeongsang Province
  • Hapcheon County, Southern Gyeongsang Province
  • Dalsan-ri, Sobo-myeon, Gunwi County, Northern Gyeongsang Province
  • Cheongdo-eup, Cheongdo County, Northern Gyeongsang Province
  • Maesu-ri, Byeokjin-myeon, Seongju County, Northern Gyeongsang Province
  • Heunghae-eup, Pohang Buk-gu, Northern Gyeongsang Province
  • Hwasun County, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Jangheung County, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Boseong County, Southern Jeolla Province
  • JangAm-ri, YeongAm-eup, YeongAm County, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Jindeok-ri, Hongnong-eup, Yeonggwang County, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Seosan-ri, Nampyeong-eup, Naju City, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Icheon-ri, Hwayang-myeon, Yeosu City, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Wonwol-ri, Okgok-myeon, GwangYang City, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Daesa-ri, Gunnae-myeon, Jindo County, Southern Jeolla Province
  • Gongdeok-myeon, Gimje City, Northern Jeolla Province
  • Gunsan City, Northern Jeolla Province
  • Seosan City, Southern Chungcheong Province
  • Jeju City, Jeju Special Self-governed Province
  • Bongsan County, Northern Hwanghae Province, DPRK
  • JangYeon County, Southern Hwanghae Province, DPRK
  • Hamheung City, Southern Hamgyeong Province, DPRK

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