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Showing posts from January, 2017

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XXI: Maeng (맹/孟) - The Descendants of Mencius in Korea

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Maeng (맹/孟) is an uncommon Korean Surname which means 'eminent and first in series' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Meng. The origin of the family name Meng can be traced back to Qingfu of one distinguished family of the State of Lu and Meng Zhi of one distinguished family of the State of Wei, both in the Spring and Autumn Period (772-481 BCE). They were both descendents of the surname Ji.
After the founding of the Western Zhou (c. 1100-771 BCE), the Duke of Zhou, son of King Wen of Zhou and younger brother of King Wu of Zhou, was granted Lu as his feudatory and established the State of Lu. Later after internal unrests broke out in the State of Lu, Qingfu, son of the Duke Xiang of Lu took power but was exiled and escaped to the State of Ju. The offspring of Qingfu returned to the State of Lu after the situation there stabilized and were given the title of "minister" and the hereditary post of minister of works of the State of Lu and the surname Meng or Men…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XX: Jin (진/陳)

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Jin (진/陳) sometimes romanized Chin in Korean McCune Script and Japanese is a common Korean surname which means 'exhibit' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Chen. Chen, which is one of the most common Han Chinese and Korean family names is listed 10th in the famous Song Dynasty's Hundred Family Surnames. It ranks as the 5th most common surname in China - as of 2007, the most common surname in Singapore (2000) and Taiwan (2010) and 48th most common surname in Korean Republic (2000-2015).
Among numerous surnames, Chen is the fifth biggest surname on the Chinese mainland in terms of population. Initial surname Chen was from surname Yu, and the families were the descendants of Emperor Shun. When King Wu of Zhou established Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BCE), he got acquaintance with Hu Gongman, a descendant of Shun, and gave the Land of Chen to him to establish the state of Chen. When coming to Chen Mingong, Chen was defeated by the state of Chu during the Spring and Autumn Pe…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XIX: Moon (문/文)

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Moon (문/文), romanized as Mun in Korean Revised-Romanization is a common Korean Surname which means 'writing and literature' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Wen. This surname is the 100th most common surname in Mainland China and 23rd most common surname in Korean Peninsula.
During the Shang Dynasty, Shang Zhou executed the duke of the Zhou kingdom (Ji Li), being concerned that the Zhou Kingdom was getting too powerful. Ji Li's son Ji Chang took over the dukedom and was a even better duke than his father. Shang Zhou thus found an excuse to imprison Ji Chang. Ji Chang pretended to have lost interest in power and Shang Zhou eventually released him. 
After returning to his kingdom, Ji Chang united 2/3 of all the kingdoms and was getting ready to rebel against the Shang Dynasty. Unfortunately, Ji Chang died of natural causes. His son succeeded him and was successful in overthrowing the Shang Dynasty and established the Zhou Dynasty. His son was known as Emperor Zhou W…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XVIII: Joo (주/周)

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Joo (주/周), sometimes romanized Ju, Choo or Chu is a common Korean surname which means 'circumference' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Zhou. Zhou is the 10th most common surname in Mainland China and 74th in Korean Peninsula. It has been one of the ten most common surnames in China since the Mongol-controlled Yuan Dynasty. The number of Koreans who bear the surname of 周 (circumference) are five times lesser than the Koreans who born with the surname of 朱 (vermilion or scarlet). Coincidentally, these two Hanja Characters are pronounced as Joo (주) in Hangul.
According to historical records, the origin of the Zhou surname dates back to the imperial kinsmen of the Zhou Dynasty, which ruled China for 874 years. The original surname of the royal Zhou family was Ji. In 256 BCE, the Qin Dynasty conquered the Zhou Dynasty and put Rufen under the jurisdiction of Runan County. Ji Yong, a descendant of Emperor Ping of the Zhou Dynasty, which lived on the system of enfeoffment (i…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XVII: Hwangbo (황보/皇甫)

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Hwangbo (황보/皇甫) or Huangfu in Chinese is an uncommon Korean Surname which means literally as 'Great Emperor' in Sino-Korean Language. Same as Jegal Clan, this surname is one of a dozen "double-barreled" surnames, composed of two syllables and two Chinese characters. In the early Zhou Dynasty, Huangfu is the name of Military Office of Zhou Dynasty period, the officer's descendants appended his name to their own to commemorate him, and thus the surname was born. In the middle Zhou Dynasty, some noble of Zheng Duchy Region became Officer of Zhou Dynasty Government. Thus, Post Huangfu (皇甫) family founded in from descendant of Wu Ji (武子) of Zheng. Some Huangfu (皇甫) family founded in the State of Song during Zhou Dynasty period.
Back to Korea, Hwangbo Clan is ranked 109th in Korean Surnames List where 10,383 people bear the surname of Hwangbo; based on the 2015 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT). There are two designated…