Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XIII: Jegal (제갈/諸葛)
|Most dominant: Namyang Jegal Clan (Hwaseong City, Gyeonggi Province)|
Jegal (제갈/諸葛) or Zhuge in Chinese is an uncommon Korean Surname which means literally as 'various vines' in Sino-Korean Language. There are about a dozen "double-barreled" surnames, composed of two syllables and two Chinese characters. Coincidentally, Jegal Clan is included in this list. This surname can be tricky to non-Koreans upon first encountering them, especially if the person has a single character given (first) name. The foreigners, expecting all Korean names to have a single character family name and a two character first name, can easily be confused.
It is ranked 314th in Chinese Hundred Family Surnames. The surname has often been synonymous with wisdom in Chinese culture, due to the fame of Shu Kingdom's Strategist during Chinese Three Kingdoms Period, Zhuge Liang. In the other hand, Jegal Clan is ranked 122nd in Korean Surnames List where 5,655 people bear the surname of Jegal; based on the 2015 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT). Majority of Jegal Clansmen are rooted from Namyang Jegal Clan (남양 제갈씨/南陽諸葛氏), a clan which is originated from Namyang-eup, Hwaseong City, Gyeonggi Province.
Namyang Jegal Clan or Nanyang Zhuge Clan in Chinese was founded by Zhuge Liang's father, Zhuge Gui or Jegal Kyu in Korean (제갈규/諸葛珪) in 2nd Century of Common Era. 5th Generation-Descendant of Zhuge Gui, Zhuge Zhong (Jegal Chung/제갈충/諸葛忠) was seeking refuge to Silla after the Collapse of Shu Han by Cao Wei in 263CE. He left his original hometown in Nanyang, Henan Province, People's Republic of China to Korean Peninsula in order to seek asylum in Silla. That time, King Michu-Isageum - the 13th King of Silla Kingdom (Reigned: 261CE - 284CE) granted Zhuge Zhong as a part of Sillan citizen and founded Namyang Jegal Clan in Korean Soil. The 20th Generation-Descendant of Zhuge Gui, Zhuge Gongxun (Jegal Gongsun/제갈공순/諸葛公巡) was served as Sillan Government Official during the reign of King Heungdeok Kim Gyeong-hwi (Born: 777CE - Died: 836CE/Reigned: 826CE – 836CE), 13th King of the Post-Unified Silla Kingdom and 42nd King of Silla Kingdom.
During the reign of King Gojong Wang Cheol, 23rd King of Goryeo Dynasty (1192-1259), the Zhuge Brothers, Zhuge Hong/Jegal Hong (제갈홍/諸葛泓) and Zhuge Ying/Jegal Hyeong (제갈형/諸葛瀅) founded their lineages by splitting into two different families from double-barreled syllable surname of Zhuge. Zhuge Hong traveled to Chirwon-myeon, Haman County, Southern Gyeongsang Province and founded Chirwon Je Clan/Qiyuan Zhu Clan (칠원 제씨/漆原諸氏) while Zhuge Ying stayed in Namyang-eup and founded Namyang Kal Clan/Nanyang Ge Clan (남양 갈씨/南陽葛氏). Both clans are the cadre clans of Namyang Jegal Clan.
In addition, the clanhouses of Namyang Jegal Clan are detected in several areas such as:
- Daegu Metropole
- Gapyeong County, Gyeonggi Province
- Cheorwon County, Gangwon Province
- Cheonan City, Southern Chungcheong Province
- Seongju County, Northern Gyeongsang Province
- Boseong County, Southern Jeolla Province