Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part III: Lü Bu and MongYang Lyuh Woon-hyung (1886-1947) - Lightened Dream for the Korean Reunification


Yuh Woon-hyung or Lyuh Woon-hyung (Hangul/Hanja: 여운형 (ROK format) or 려운형 (DPRK Format)/呂運亨; Born: May 25th 1886 in Sinwon-ri, Yangseo-myeon, Yangpyeong County, Gyeonggi Province – Assassinated: July 19th 1947 in Hyehwa-dong, Seoul Jongno-gu) was a Korean politician who argued that Korean independence was essential to world peace, and a reunification activist who struggled for the independent reunification of Korea since its national division in 1945. His pen-name was MongYang (Hangul/Hanja: 몽양/夢陽), which means "dream" and "light." He is rare among politicians in modern Korean history in that he is revered in both South (ROK) and North Korea (DPRK).

Yuh was born at Myogok Residence, 66 MongYang Drive/MongYang-gil, Sinwon-ri 624-beonji, Yangseo-myeon, Yangpyeong County, Gyeonggi Province, the son of a local yangban magnate from Hamyang Yeo Clan; originated at Hamyang County, Southern Gyeongsang Province. At age 15, Yuh enrolled in the Baejae School (now as Pai Chai University) but in less than one year moved to Heunghwa School. After moving to yet another school and leaving that school before graduation, Yuh began in 1907 to study the Bible and befriended the American missionary Charles Allen Clark, who helped him found Kidok Kwangdong School in 1909. In 1910, Yuh dramatically parted from Korean tradition by freeing slaves owned by his household. In 1911, Yuh enrolled in Pyongyang Presbyterian Theological Seminary and, in 1914, went to China where he studied English literature at a university in Nanjing. In 1917, he moved to Shanghai. In 1918, he organized the Mindan (Korea Resident Association) in that city, to provide a base for pro-independence activities. Yuh took part in the establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea in 1919 and served as a member of that body's Legislative Assembly (Imsi Uijeongwon).

Like many in the Korean independence movement, Yuh sought aid from both right and left. In 1920, he joined the Koryǒ Communist Party (고려 공산당/Goryeo Gongsandang) and, in 1921, attended the First Congress of the Toilers of the Far East in Moscow. In 1924 he joined Sun Yat-sen's Chinese Nationalist Party and worked for Sino-Korean cooperation. After being released from prison in 1932, Yuh took on a variety of independence activities in areas of the media and sports. During the Berlin Olympics a Korean marathon runner, Sohn Kee-chung, won the gold medal. The Chungang Daily News, of which Yuh was the editor, ran the photograph but removed the Japanese flag from his jersey. The Japanese closed down the newspaper and arrested Yuh for the action. In addition to serving as editor of the Chungang Daily News, he also served as the president of the Choson JungAng Ilbo (조선중앙일보) and other sports associations.

In anticipation of Japan’s defeat in the Second World War, Yuh organized in 1944 the Korean Restoration Brotherhood (조선건국동맹/Joseon Geon-guk Dongmaeng), a nationwide underground organization. He also formed the Committee for Preparation of Korean Independence (조선건국준비위원회/Joseon Geon-guk Junbi Wiwonhoe). In September 1945, Yuh proclaimed the establishment of the Korean People's Republic and became its vice-premier. In October, he stepped down under pressure from the United States Military Government, and organized the People's Party of Korea, becoming its chairman. For the following months of the anti-trusteeship movement and other political changes, Yuh took a line of action in concert with the communists.

When a movement to unify the political left and the political right arose in May 1946, Yuh represented the center-left and occupied a position on the center between the left and the right. Yuh’s political stance was, however, attacked by both the extreme right and the extreme left, and his efforts to pursue a centrist position was made increasingly untenable by the political realities of the time. On July 19th 1947, Yuh was assassinated in Hyehwa-dong Rotary, Seoul Jongno-gu by a 19-year-old man named Han Ji-geun (Hangul/Hanja: 한지근/韓智根) a.k.a. Lee Pil-hyong (Hangul/Hanja: 이필형/李弼炯), a recent refugee from North Korea and an active member of a nationalist right-wing group. Yuh's death was widely mourned. 

He was posthumously awarded the Republic of Korea Medal of the Order of Merit for National Foundation (건국훈장 대한민국장/建國勳章 大韓民國章/Geon-guk Hunjang DaehanMinguk-jang - 1st Class) by the Late President Roh Moo-hyun, former prime minister Han Duck-soo and former Interior Minister - Park Myung-jae in February 21st 2008. His birthplace at 66 MongYang Drive was designated as memorial hall dedicated to him. The Birthplace of MongYang Lyuh Woon-hyung and its Memorial Centre is accessible by using KORAIL Gyeongui-Jungang Line to Station K131: Sinwon at Yangpyeong County

Certificate of the Recipient of the Order of Merit for National Foundation 
for Sir MongYang Lyuh Woon-hyung

Popular posts from this blog

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part I: AHN! (안/安)

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part IV: OH! (오/吳)

March 1st Independence Movement Special: Overview of Koihime Musou Girls and Korea

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part VI (TGIF - Thank God it's FINAL): UH! (어/魚)

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Republic Census 2015 (Eulmi Year), REBOOTED: Part XVII (FINAL) - Enter the two NEW clans.

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part I: Yi (이/李) - The Second Largest Korean Clan after Kim Clan

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part IX: Taishi Ci and Thae Yong-ho - The Highest Ranking North Korean Defector after Juche Ideologist Hwang Jang-yop

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Republic Census 2015 (Eulmi Year), REBOOTED: Part IX - Summary

Bespectacled Koihime Musou Girls and Notable Bespectacled Clansmen, Part I: Jeon-Fields (전/田)

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XIV: Jo (조/趙) - Remnants of the Royal House of Chinese Song Dynasty in Korean Soil