Showing posts from July, 2016

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part V: Zhang Fei and Major General Damien Jang Tae-wan (1931-2010) - The highest rank military officer who stood against Double Twelfth Coup

October 26th 1979, the nation shocked with the Assassination of President Park Chung-hee in the hands of his right-hand man, Kim Jae-kyu - Director of Korean Central Intelligence Agency (KCIA). In that bleakest time, Prime Minister Choi Kyu-hah became acting president as the prime minister stood next in line for the presidency under Article 48 of the Yushin Constitution and subsequently become the country's fourth president. 
However in December 12th 1979, Republic of Korea Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan, commander of the Security Command, acting without authorization from Acting President Choi Kyu-hah, ordered the arrest of General Peter Jeong Seung-hwa, ROK Army Chief of Staff, on allegations of involvement in the assassination of President Park Chung Hee. After Jeong's capture, 29th Regiment of the 9th Division, along with the 1st and 3rd Airborne Brigades, invaded downtown Seoul to support the 30th and 33rd Capital Security Group loyal to Chun, then a series of conflicts …

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part IV: Xu Huang and Augustine Seo Sang-don (1850-1913) - Generous Korean Catholic Entrepreneur behind the National Debt Repayment Movement a.k.a Gukchae-Bosang Movement

Seo Sang-don (Hangul/Hanja: 서상돈/徐相敦; Born: October 17th 1850 in Jijwa-dong, Gimcheon City, Northern Gyeongsang Province - Died: June 30th 1913 at 6-1 Seoseong Avenue/Seoseongno, Gyesan-dong 2-ga 84-1 beonji, Daegu Jung-gu) was an entrepreneur who specialized in paper, linen, and cotton products. Born in Catholic Family as the son of Seo Chul-soon and Agatha Kim of the Former Royal House of Gimhae Kim during the series of Catholic Persecutions in 19th Century, he received his baptismal name 'Augustine' (Kor: 아우구스티노) and witnessed his relatives martyred for their beliefs. He was responsible in initiating National Debt Repayment Movement (국채보상운동/國債報償運動/Gukchae-Bosang Undong) to repay Korean Empire's Debt as well as a nationwide campaign calling for people to quit smoking.
The family itself has a long history of introducing Catholicism to Korea. Seo Sang-don’s great great-grandfather, Seo Kwang-soo (서광수) entered the Catholic Church in 1784 with his five sons (which is right at …

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part III: Lü Bu and MongYang Lyuh Woon-hyung (1886-1947) - Lightened Dream for the Korean Reunification

Yuh Woon-hyung or Lyuh Woon-hyung (Hangul/Hanja: 여운형 (ROK format) or 려운형 (DPRK Format)/呂運亨; Born: May 25th 1886 in Sinwon-ri, Yangseo-myeon, Yangpyeong County, Gyeonggi Province – Assassinated: July 19th 1947 in Hyehwa-dong, Seoul Jongno-gu) was a Korean politician who argued that Korean independence was essential to world peace, and a reunification activist who struggled for the independent reunification of Korea since its national division in 1945. His pen-name was MongYang (Hangul/Hanja: 몽양/夢陽), which means "dream" and "light." He is rare among politicians in modern Korean history in that he is revered in both South (ROK) and North Korea (DPRK).
Yuh was born at Myogok Residence, 66 MongYang Drive/MongYang-gil, Sinwon-ri 624-beonji, Yangseo-myeon, Yangpyeong County, Gyeonggi Province, the son of a local yangban magnate from Hamyang Yeo Clan; originated at Hamyang County, Southern Gyeongsang Province. At age 15, Yuh enrolled in the Baejae School (now as Pai Chai Un…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part II: Tian Feng and Jug-am Jeon Myeong-woon a.k.a Mack Fields (1884-1947) - Shy and Quiet Korean Patriot

Jeon Myeong-woon (Hangul/Hanja: 전명운/田明雲; Born: June 25th 1884 in Seoul Jongno-gu, Republic of Korea - Died: November 19th 1947 in Los Angeles, California, USA), known with his pen name of Jug-am (죽암/竹嵒) and Anglicised name of Mack Fields was a Korean independence activist. Mack Fields is a member of Damyang Jeon Clan (담양 전씨/潭陽田氏), a clan which is originated from Damyang County, Southern Jeolla Province. According to the Great Genealogy of Damyang Jeon Clan (담양전씨대동보/潭陽田氏大同譜/Damyang Jeon-ssi Daedongbo), he is the 27th Generation-Descendant of Duke of Gyeong-eun, Jeon Jo-saeng (경은공 전조생/耕隱公 田祖生; 1318-1392), scholar of Goryeo Dynasty who is the progenitor of Damyang Jeon Clan, Gyeong-eun Branch.

Born as the son of Jeon Sung-keun (전성근/田聖根), he is best known along with Jang In-hwan for his role in the 1908 assassination of Durham Stevens, a former American diplomat in Japan who was later appointed as an advisor to the Joseon Dynasty government.
Jeon was a member of the Dongnip Hyeophoe (독립협회/獨…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part I: Cao Chun and Godang Cho Man-sik (1883-1950) - Mahatma Gandhi of Korea

Since the dethronement of Emperor Sunjong-Yunghui Yi Cheok of Korean Empire in 1910, Koreans were struggled for total Korean Independence during Japanese Colonial Period. 35 years of blood, sweat and tears have been paid after Korea gained independence from Japan in August 15th 1945, after World War II that resulted Japanese Imperialists surrendered to the Allied Forces. There are several Korean Patriots who shared the same surnames with Koihime Musou girls. In this article, we will talk about Cho Man-sik, a Korean Patriot who dubbed as Mahatma Gandhi of Korea.
Cho Man-sik (Hangul/Hanja: 조만식/曺晚植 or 曹晚植; Born: February 1st 1883 in Gangseo-guyeok, Nampo, DPRK – Died: circa October 15th 1950 in Pyongyang, DPRK), known with his pen name of Godang (고당/古堂) was a nationalist activist in Korea's independence movement. He became involved in the power struggle that enveloped North Korea in the months following the Japanese surrender after World War II. Originally Cho was supported by the Sov…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part IV: OH! (오/吳)

Oh (오/吳), also romanized O is a Korean family name. The name originates from the ancient state of Wu in present-day Jiangsu Province, Mainland China. It is the sixth name listed in the Song Dynasty classic Hundred Family Surnames, 10th most common surname in China and 12th most common surname in Korean Republic.
In the 13th century BCE, the state of Zhou (which will later become the Zhou Dynasty) was ruled by King Tai of Zhou. His surname was originally Ji (姬). He had three sons: Taibo, Zhongyong, and Jili. King Tai of Zhou favored the youngest son, Jili to inherit the reins of power, therefore Taibo and his brother Zhongyong voluntarily left Zhou with a group of followers and headed southeast where they established the state of Wu. Taibo and Zhongyong's descendants eventually adopted Wu (吳) as their surname. The state of Wu, which later claimed to be a kingdom of its own, was best known for its military prowess as Sun Tzu, the author of the famed book The Art of War, was the count…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part III: NHA! (나/羅)

Nha (나 or 라/羅), sometimes romanized Na, Ra, La, Lah, Rah, Nah, Lha, or Rha is a common Korean surname which means 'gauze' in Sino-Korean Language. This surname is 44th Most Common Surnames in Korean Republic. Same as Korean Surnames of Yook, Vulgar Roh, Cottage Roh, Yi and Yeo - Na is one of the Korean Surnames which followed Korean Beginning Sound Rule System a.k.a Du-eum Beopchik (두음 법칙/頭音法則).
There is only one Chinese character for the Na surname (羅). Some sources indicate that there are 46 different Na clans, but only two of them can be documented which are Geumseong Na (금성 라씨/錦城羅氏) and Naju Na (나주 나씨/羅州羅氏) clans. It is believed that these two sprang from a common founding ancestor. 
The Naju Na clan’s progenitor, Na Bu (나부/羅富, not Naboo Starfighter N-1 in Star Wars Franchise) migrated from Chinese Song Dynasty sometime during the mid-seventh century and settled in the Naju area in the present-day Southern Jeolla Province. While the progenitor of Geumseong Na Clan, Na Chong-…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part II: HAHN! (한/韓)

Hahn (한/韓), also romanized Han is a Noble Korean family name which means 'leader' in Sino-Korean Language. Coincidentally, the Hanja Notation of Han is related to Korea in general (i.e: Hankook - 한국/韓國). Based on 2015 Korean Republic Census which is provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT), there were 773,404 people bearing this surname in South Korea, making it the 11th most common family name in the country.
Many Korean historians believe that Gijun of Gojoseon was actually "Hanjun" (한준) of Gojoseon and had the surname Han (韓) not Gi and that all of the Kings of Gija Joseon were of the surname Han (韓). Gija Joseon, which was believed to be of surname Gi, but in reality was Han (韓).
There is a controversy on where Gija is from, which is believed to be from the Chinese Shang Dynasty, Gija as a paternal uncle (or brother) of the last emperor of the Chinese Shang Dynasty, King Zhou, however it is likely that Gija is a Dongyi, a native people in the Eas…