Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part IV: Jeon-Fields (전/田)
|Most dominant: Damyang Jeon Clan (Damyang County, Southern Jeolla)|
Jeon (전/田) sometimes romanized Jun, Chun or Chon is a common Korean Surname which means 'field', similar to Chinese Pinyin Tián. Jeon clan traced its origins from Zibo City, Shandong Province, PROC - the ancient capital of Chinese Qi State. The number of Koreans who bear the surname of 田 (field) are three times lesser than the Koreans who born with the surname of 全 (all or whole). Ironically, these two Hanja Characters are pronounced as Jeon (전) in Hangul.
Tián (田) is 34th most common Chinese surname. It appeared in the Hundred Family Surnames text from the early Song Dynasty. Back in Korea, Jeon (田) Clan is ranked 45th place in Korean Surnames List where 186,469 people bear the surname of 田; based on the 2015 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT). There are eight designated clans (본관/本貫) for this clan which are:
- Namyang Jeon Clan (남양 전씨/南陽田氏) = Originated from Namyang-eup, Hwaseong City, Gyeonggi Province, ROK - originally from the Royal House of Kaesong Wang
- Damyang Jeon Clan (담양 전씨/潭陽田氏) = Originated from Damyang County, Southern Jeolla Province, ROK
- Yeonan Jeon Clan (연안 전씨/延安田氏) = Originated from Yeonan County, Southern Hwanghae Province, DPRK
- Yeonggwang Jeon Clan (영광 전씨/靈光田氏) = Originated from Yeonggwang County, Southern Jeolla Province, ROK
- Taesan Jeon Clan (태산 전씨/泰山田氏) = Originated from Taishan District, Tai'an City, Shandong Province, PROC
- Gwangpyeong Jeon Clan (광평 전씨/廣平田氏) = Originated from Guangping County, Hebei Province, PROC
- Pyeongtaek Jeon Clan (평택 전씨/平澤田氏) = Originated from Pyeongtaek City, Gyeonggi Province, ROK
- HaEum Jeon Clan (하음 전씨/河陰田氏) = Originated from Ganghwa County, Incheon Metropole, ROK
The Damyang Lineage is the largest among eight, where this lineage consists of 155,018 people. Damyang Jeon Clan was founded by Jeon Deuk-shi (전득시/田得時), Lord of Damyang (담양군/潭陽君) during the reign of King Uijong Wang Hyeon (1127-1173), 18th Monarch of Goryeo Dynasty. The latter progenitors of this clan, Jeon Rok-saeng (전록생/田祿生), Jeon Kwi-saeng (전귀생/田貴生) and Jeon Jo-saeng (전조생/田祖生) - the sons of Jeon Hui-gyeong (전희경/田希慶), formed the branch clans of Damyang Jeon Clan. The branch clans are shown below in chronological order:
- First son, Jeon Rok-saeng (전록생/田祿生) = Duke of Ya-eun Branch (야은공파/野隱公派)
- Second son, Jeon Kwi-saeng (전귀생/田貴生) = Duke of Noe-eun Branch (뇌은공파/牢隱公派)
- Third son, Jeon Jo-saeng (전조생/田祖生) = Duke of Gyeong-eun Branch (경은공파/耕隱公派)
Eighth Generation-Descendant of Jeon Deuk-shi, Jeon Ka-shik (전가식/田可植) founded a new cadre clan from Damyang Jeon Clan, which is known as Yeonan Jeon Clan (연안 전씨/延安田氏), originated from Yeonan County, Southern Hwanghae Province, DPRK. Seventh Generation-Descendants of Jeon Jo-saeng, Jeon Gyun (전균/田畇) founded Ha-eum Jeon (하음 전씨/河陰田氏) and Goyang Jeon (고양 전씨/高陽田氏) Clans, while Jeon Shil (전실/田實) founded Yesan Jeon, Namwon Jeon, Ubong Chon, and Kaesong Chon clans. These cadre clans of Jeon-Fields are recorded in the Great Genealogy of Damyang Jeon Clan (담양 전씨 대동보).
The Namyang Jeon clan was founded by Jeon Joo (전주/田柱), son of Prince Sunheung Wang Seung (순흥군 왕승/順興君 王昇) of the Royal House of Kaesong Wang whose his real name is Wang Kang (왕강/王康). After the downfall of Goryeo Dynasty and the foundation of Joseon Dynasty by King Taejo Yi Seong-gye in 1392, the Royal House of Kaesong Wang became subject of persecution of the newly-born Joseon Dynasty. The descendants of the Royal House of Kaesong Wang changed the surname of Ok (옥/玉), Whole Jeon (전/全), Jeon-Fields (전/田), Cha (차/車) or Shin (신/申) in fear of prosecution and discrimination. All of the new family names contain the Hanja character of 'Wang', which shows the lingering attachment to the former Royal House of Goryeo. Based on the Korean Republic Census in 2015, there are 4,166 people who originated from Namyang Jeon Clan.