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Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XVI: Jang (장/張)

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Jang (장/張), sometimes romanized Chang in McCune Script is a common Korean Surname which means 'stretch and expand' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Zhang in Chinese. Zhang was listed 24th in the famous Song Dynasty's Hundred Family Surnames. Today, it is one of the most common surnames in the world and listed by the People's Republic of China's National Citizen ID Information System as the third-most-common surname in mainland China in April 2007, with 87.50 million bearers. A commonly cited but erroneous factoid in the 1990 Guinness Book of Records listed it as the world's most common surname, but no comprehensive information from China was available at the time and more recent editions have not repeated the claim.
As mentioned above, Zhang is the third-most-common surname in mainland China, making up 6.83% of the population of the People's Republic of China. On Taiwan, it is the fourth-most-common surname, making up 5.26% of the population of the Republ…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XV: Cottage Roh (노/盧)

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Roh (노 in South Korean Format or 로 in North Korean Format/盧) sometimes romanized No, Noh or Ro is a common Korean Surname which means 'cottage' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Pinyin Lú. Roh Clan traced its origins from Hebei Province, PROC. It is one of the Korean Surnames which followed Korean Beginning Sound Rule System a.k.a Du-eum Beopchik (두음 법칙/頭音法則).
Noh Su (노수/盧穗), the Scholar from Chinese Tang Dynasty is the progenitor for all Roh Clans in Korea. He had nine sons and they were travelled to all regions in Korean Peninsula which is controlled by Unified Silla Kingdom to establish the Locality Clan. Nine Principal Lineages of Roh Clan with their progenitors (Noh Su's sons) as shown on below in chronological order: Noh Hae (노해/盧垓), Count of Gwangju-Jeolla (광주백/光州伯) - Gwangju-Gwangsan Roh Clan (광주-광산 노씨/光州-光山盧氏) = Originated from Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju Metropole, ROKNoh Oh (노오/盧塢), Count of Gyoha (교하백/交河伯) - Gyoha-Jangsan Roh Clan (교하-장산 노씨/交河-章山盧氏) = Originat…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XIV: Jo (조/趙) - Remnants of the Royal House of Chinese Song Dynasty in Korean Soil

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Jo (조/趙) sometimes romanized Cho in McCune Script is a common Korean Surname which means 'city-state of Zhao' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Zhao in Chinese. Zhao is a common Chinese family name, ranking as the 7th most common surname in Mainland China and Korean Peninsula. Zhao is the first surname in the famous Hundred Family Surnames – the traditional list of all Chinese surnames – because it was the royal surname of the Song Dynasty (960–1279) when the list was compiled.
Zhao is one of the most ancient of Chinese surnames, and its origins are partly shrouded in legend. During the reign of King Mu of Zhou (976/956 BCE – 922/918 BCE), an officer named Zaofu (Chinese: 造父) proved exceptionally adept at training horses and driving chariots and won the respect of King Mu. During a battle with the eastern state of Xu, an ethnically different state which was resisting Zhou rule, Zaofu drove a chariot into the battle and escorted King Mu back to the Zhou capital. In gratitude, …

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XIII: Jegal (제갈/諸葛)

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Jegal (제갈/諸葛) or Zhuge in Chinese is an uncommon Korean Surname which means literally as 'various vines' in Sino-Korean Language. There are about a dozen "double-barreled" surnames, composed of two syllables and two Chinese characters. Coincidentally, Jegal Clan is included in this list. This surname can be tricky to non-Koreans upon first encountering them, especially if the person has a single character given (first) name. The foreigners, expecting all Korean names to have a single character family name and a two character first name, can easily be confused.
It is ranked 314th in Chinese Hundred Family Surnames. The surname has often been synonymous with wisdom in Chinese culture, due to the fame of Shu Kingdom's Strategist during Chinese Three Kingdoms Period, Zhuge Liang. In the other hand, Jegal Clan is ranked 122nd in Korean Surnames List where 5,655 people bear the surname of Jegal; based on the 2015 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Patriots, Part VI: Liu Bei and Lieutenant General Yoo Jae-heung (1921-2011) - Commander of Two Battalions during Korean War

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Lieutenant General Yoo Jae-heung (Hangul/Hanja: 유재흥/劉載興; Born: August 3rd 1921 in Nagoya City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan - Died: November 26th 2011 in Seoul Special City, Republic of Korea), known with his pen name of Gukheon (국헌/菊軒) or Jaheon (자헌/自軒) is Republic of Korea (ROK) military officer who commanded the ROK II Corps and ROK III Corps in the Korean War. He is the son of Major General Yoo Seung-ryeol (유승렬/劉升烈), participated World War II (1939-1945) under Imperial Japanese Army(IJA) and Korean War (1950-1953) under Republic of Korea Army (ROKA) with his father. He is a member of Gangneung Yoo Clan (강릉 유씨/江陵劉氏), a clan which is originated from Gangneung City, Gangwon Province.
Yoo Jae-heung was born in Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan on August 3rd 1921. When he was four years old, he moved to his father's hometown in Gongju City, Southern Chungcheong Province. He graduated from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in Zama City, Kanagawa Prefecture. He was the 55th Batch who gradua…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part VI (TGIF - Thank God it's FINAL): UH! (어/魚)

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It's time to wrap up the segment of Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE. In this final article, we will present you the UH clan. Sounds like more to sex appeal though. Uh (어/魚), also romanized Eo or Euh, is an uncommon Korean family name which means 'fish' in Sino-Korean Language. Yeah, that fishy clan... isn't it? Based on 2015 Korean Republic Census which is provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT), there were 18,849 people bearing this surname in South Korea, making it the 96th most common family name in the country. 
The most dominant designated clan for this surname is Hamjong Lineage, where this lineage originated in Hamjong-ri, Jeungsan County, Southern Pyeongan Province, present-day North Korea a.k.a DPRK and consists of 15,746 people. It is followed with Chungju Lineage; a clan which is originated from Chungju City, Northern Chungcheong Province and consists of 2,500+ people and Gyeongheung Lineage; a clan whi…

Koihime Musou Girls and Korean Clans which are NOT SAFE to PRONOUNCE, Part V: HAHM! (함/咸)

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Hahm (함/咸), also romanized Ham is an uncommon Korean family name which means 'united' in Sino-Korean Language. Based on 2015 Korean Republic Census which is provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT), there were 80,659 people bearing this surname in South Korea, making it the 58th most common family name in the country. 
The most dominant designated clan for this surname is Gangneung Lineage, where this lineage originated in Gangneung City, Gangwon Province and consists of 61,974 people. It is followed with Yanggeun Lineage; a clan which is originated from Yanggeun-ri, Yangpyeong-eup, Yangpyeong County, Gyeonggi Province and consists of 15,815 people.
Some sources report that there are sixty different Hahm clans, but only the Gangneung Ham (강릉 함씨/江陵咸氏) and Yanggeun Ham (양근 함씨/楊根咸氏) clans can be documented. Although some records have been lost and a few generations are unaccounted for, it is known that the founding ancestor of the Ham clan is Ham Kyu (함규/咸規), a G…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XII: Hwang (황/黃)

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Hwang (황/黃) is a common Korean surname which means 'yellow' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Huang. Huang is listed 96th in the famous Song Dynasty's Hundred Family Surnames. It is the 7th most common surname in China in 2006. The population of Huangs in China (including Taiwan) was estimated at more than 29 million in 2000; it was also the surname of more than 2 million overseas Chinese, 4.3 million Vietnamese (5.1%) and 697,171 South Koreans (ranked 16th in 2015 Korean Republic Census, provided by Statistics Korea [통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT]).
Huang is an ancient surname which origin could be traced back more than 4,200 years to the days of the legendary sage emperors preceding the Xia dynasty. During the reign of Emperor Yao (尧帝), Hui Lian (惠连), son of Lu Zhong (陆终), a descendant of the Yellow Emperor (黄帝/Huang Di) scored a merit in harnessing river floods, and Emperor Yao conferred on Hui Lian the state of Can'hu 参胡 (in present-day region of Fenyang, S…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part XI: Yeo (여/呂)

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Yeo (여 or 려/呂), sometimes romanized Yeoh, Ryeo, Lyeo, Lyuh or Yuh is a common Korean surname which means 'musical note' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Pinyin Lü. It is the 47th most common surname in China, shared by 5.6 million people, or 0.47% of the Chinese population as of 2002, especially common in Shandong and Henan provinces. This surname is the 22nd surname listed in the Song Dynasty classic text entitled Hundred Family Surnames and 63rd Most Common Surnames in Korean Republic. Same as Korean Surnames of Yook, Vulgar Roh, Cottage Roh and Yi - Yeo is one of the Korean Surnames which followed Korean Beginning Sound Rule System a.k.a Du-eum Beopchik (두음 법칙/頭音法則).
The surname originated from the ancient State of Lü. Lü Shang (fl. 11th century BC), the founder of the State of Qi, was the first person known to have the surname. It is originated from the Jiang 姜 clan, which is said to have descended from the legendary Yan Emperor. According to the Tang Dynasty gen…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part X: Yoo (유/劉) - Remnants of the Royal House of Chinese Han Dynasty in Korean Soil

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Yoo (유 in South Korean Format or 류 in North Korean Format/劉), sometimes romanized Yu, Ryu, Ryoo, Lhyu or Rhyu is a common Korean Surname which means 'overcome and conquer' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Chinese Liu. The genealogy of this clan traced from the Emperors of Han Dynasty in China. Yoo is one of the Korean Surnames which followed Korean Beginning Sound Rule System a.k.a Du-eum Beopchik (두음 법칙/頭音法則).
The number of Koreans who bear the surname of 劉 are three times lesser than the Koreans who bear the surname of 柳 (willow tree). Ironically, these two Hanja Characters are pronounced as Yu (유) in Hangul. Based on the 2015 Korean Republic Census - provided by Statistics Korea (통계청/統計廳/Tonggyecheong/KOSTAT), there are 302,511 who bear the surname of Yoo. Hence, this clan is placed at 30th place in Korean Surnames List. There are five designated clans (본관/本貫) for this clan which are: Gangneung Yoo Clan (강릉 유씨/江陵劉氏) = Originated from Gangneung City, Gangwon Province, ROKGe…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part IX: Kwak (곽/郭)

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Kwak (곽/郭), known as Gwak in Korean Revised Romanization is a common surname which means 'the wall that surrounds a city' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Guō in Chinese Pinyin. The different ways of spelling this surname indicate the origin of the family. For example, "Kwok" (i.e: Aaron Kwok Fu-shing [Korean: 곽부성/Kwak Boo-sung]) is Cantonese originated in Hong Kong and surrounding area while Quách is Vietnamese originated from Vietnam. It is the 18th most common family name in China and 36th most common family name in Korea.
The name Guo was noted as far back as the Xia Dynasty. There are eight legendary origins for the Guo surname. Among them, three are foreign. They are Persian (Hui), Korean, and Mongolian, as a result of sinicization. These are only minority. The majority of people bearing this surname are descended from Han Chinese.
The Guo family is one of the well known Hui clans around Quanzhou in Fujian, the other being the Ding family, they are examples of…

Koihime Musou Girls and Related Korean Clans, Part VIII: Sohn (손/孫)

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Son (손/孫), sometimes romanized Sohn is a common Korean Surname which means 'descendant' in Sino-Korean Language, similar to Sun in Chinese. The surname Sun (Chinese)/Son (Korea) is the 12th most common family name in contemporary China and 25th most common family name in Korean Peninsula. According to the historic record, the origin of the surname Sun can be traced back to Emperor Wen of the Zhou Dynasty, dating back more than 3,000 years.
The origin of the surname Sun is generally believed to have three sources. One story is that the grandson of Huisun, offspring of Emperor Wen, adopted the surname Sun to commemorate his grandfather. Another story is that the surname Sun originated from a later generation of Sun Shu'ao. The last and most important story is that surname Sun stems from the descendants of Tian Wan. When Tian escaped to the state of Qi from the state of Chen, Emperer Huan of the state of Qi was about to designate him as minister for his noble mind. However, Ti…